The Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology (CMB) consists of close to 60 research groups forming the core of the department’s research and educational activities. Research in the department covers a wide range of topics in biomolecular, environmental and fundamental chemical sciences that aims to advance the understanding in a number of areas of global importance such as environment, climate, health and disease.
Bimolecular Sciences encompass a large number of research groups at CMB with interest in biological molecules and systems, and includes chemists as well as molecular and cell biologists. Research topics include cell signalling and gene regulation, protein quality control, developmental and evolutionary processes, intracellular communication and environmental stress responses, neurosignalling, structural biology, as well as synthetic biology and medicinal chemistry. A range of genetic model organisms are used including bacteria, yeast, worm and mammals. Several groups use functional genomics and chemical biology approaches to elucidate mechanisms that govern biological systems and disease processes including ageing and cancer.
Research in Environmental Sciences at CMB applies fundamental studies of chemical, physical and biological processes to increase our understanding of environmental systems, and thus to address major issues such as climate change and other impacts from human activities. Strengths in atmospheric science and marine science are complemented by a strong development in environmental nanochemistry. Research activities include fundamental studies of chemical reactions on the molecular level, cellular and organismal responses as well as the development of novel analytical techniques. Several of the studies are conducted as long-term observations and field campaigns.
Research in the area Fundamental Chemical Sciences at CMB deals with the basis of chemistry and aims at fundamental knowledge and understanding regarding chemical substances, phenomena and processes in nature. The focus of research in fundamental chemistry is typically on problems, methods and theories of general relevance within chemistry, but it can also be more sharply focused on particular issues in any area of chemistry. The results and methods are applied in many fields of science and technology. The basic research also leads to new areas of application. Examples of currently active research areas at CMB include projects where experimental and theoretical methods of physics are developed and used for chemical research, where surfaces and nanoparticles are examined, where organic and organometallic substances are investigated and synthetic pathways developed and where fundamental processes and phenomena of relevance for the atmosphere, interstellar space, marine systems, the environment, biosystems and molecular medicine are being studied.
An external evaluation conducted at the University of Gothenburg in 2010 (RED10) pointed out Analytical chemistry, Biochemistry, and Yeast functional genomics and cell biology as strong research areas at CMB. The department prides itself with the fact that four members of our faculty are current awardees of personal grants by the European Research Council and that research at CMB was listed as one of Science Magazines 2012 Highlights. Moreover, several of our faculty has been awarded personal grants from national excellence programmes and support via a large number of EU grants. The department is also participating in the Top-level Research Initiative (TRI), a major joint Nordic research and innovation initiative on climate, energy, and the environment.
Several research groups from the department are key members of University Research Centres: